We’ve heard a lot about AI-driven cars in recent years, but 5G is set to enable another kind of driving revolution. Vodafone has teamed up with Huawei to demonstrate how 5G can be used to remotely control a vehicle.
The test took place at the 2017 Global Mobile Broadband Forum. It involved a car located on the University of Surrey campus being controlled from London’s ExCel centre some 50 kilometres (30 miles) away. This was done via a fully encrypted pre-standard 5G connection.
It was intended to demonstrate how, in future, it would be possible to remotely control machines in dangerous or extremely remote environments. The example has been given of mining or waste disposal situations, but it would also have a number of potential applications in day to day life.
For example, in a recent white paper on practical 5G use case scenarios, Huawei highlighted the potential for a premium concierge service in which the driver of your car does so from elsewhere. This could “enable someone to participate in a conference or to work while on a journey, or to support a taxi service, or to help a person without a driving license, or when they are ill, intoxicated, or otherwise unfit to drive”.
5G is uniquely suited to hosting such a feature. Crucial to this is the forthcoming network standard’s extremely low latency of less than 10 milliseconds, which will enable instructions to be received and acted upon as quickly as the human eye can perceive change.
In the case of the recent Vodafone test, this resulted in a mere six centimetres of braking deviation when the car travelled at a speed of around 20 kilometres per hour.
Another benefit of 5G network technology to remote car control is its heightened level of security. After all, the last thing you would want in such a situation is interference from a malicious third party.
Luke Ibbetson, Vodafone Group’s Head of Research and Development and Technology Strategy, said: “The 5G standard is close to completion and it’s encouraging to see how important capabilities such as low latency and increased reliability are shaping up.
“This innovative demonstration shows us an exciting glimpse into the future, complementing 5G’s role in providing enhanced mobile broadband. It is a milestone in the work we’ve been doing with Huawei to show how our network will support 5G connected vehicles in future.”
This was the first test of its kind in Europe. The world’s first such demonstration occurred in June 2017, when Huawei teamed up with China Mobile and SAIC Motor in Shanghai. However, in this initial test the driver was only situated 30 kilometres away from the car.
Useful reading: 5G and the connected car
Source: Jon Mundy 5G
During the 4th Global 5G Event, LG U+ partnered with Huawei to complete the world’s first large-scale 5G network test in a pre-commercial environment in Gangnam District, Seoul. This network consists of both 3.5 GHz and 28 GHz base stations. The test also helped to successfully verify the technologies of IPTV 4K Video and many other future-proof commercial 5G services. High-speed mobility, dual connectivity, and inter-cell handovers (under continuous networking conditions) were also validated.
The test results returned average data rates of 1 Gbps over the low band and more than 5 Gbps for dual connectivity over high and low bands. In a typical dense urban area, successful verification of the 5G end-to-end (E2E) solution indicated Huawei’s gradual maturity in advanced preparation for the imminent commercial deployment of 5G.
LG U+ and Huawei completed a Large-scale 5G network test in a pre-commercial environment in Gangnam District, Seoul
As a top global operator in a well-developed MBB region, LG U+ is firmly committed to rapidly providing an excellent user experience. With a keen focus on Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), the 5G pre-commercial test based on Huawei E2E 5G devices was implemented in a continuous ring topology. A peak data rate of 20 Gbps and an average data rate of more than 5 Gbps were achieved through dual connectivity over 3.5 GHz and 28 GHz. These impressive rates were combined with inter-cell handovers to produce stable results. Elsewhere, a 5G tour bus delivered 5G-based IPTV 4K, and a VR drone was demonstrated in the ‘5G for All’ experience room at the LG U+ headquarters, which required data rates ranging from 20 Mbps to 100 Mbps. For mobile scenarios, a glitch-free superior user experience demonstrated Huawei’s readiness for 5G networks.
During this event, Huawei also showcased the combination of a VR drone designed by Huawei Wireless X Labs and the world’s first 5G customer premise equipment (CPE) over 3.5 GHz. The CPE is compact, lightweight, and offers high performance, which can support a throughput of up to 1.5 Gbps from a drone at an altitude of over 100m.
Huawei Wireless X Labs showcased a VR drone using 5G 3.5GHz CPE
Kim Dae Hee, Vice President of LG U+ 5G Strategy Unit, said: “The world’s first large-scale joint 5G pre-commercial test indicated a significant breakthrough in 5G. We believe that Huawei is set to help LG U+ implement the world’s first Commercial 5G network over 3.5 GHz”
Zhou Yuefeng, Huawei Wireless Product Line CMO, said: “In the Gangnam District of Korea, we have successfully validated the 5G pre-commercial network and released the world’s first 3.5 GHz CPE. This demonstrates that Huawei will maintain its capability to provide competitive E2E 5G network products in 2018. LG U+ and Huawei will continue to conduct further research into 5G technologies and build a robust E2E industry ecosystem to achieve business success in the upcoming 5G era.”
As the first new line that has been constructed in Kenya for the past century, the Mombasa-Nairobi railway runs across Kenya’s territory from the southeast to the northwest, starting from Mombasa, the biggest port along the east coastline of Africa, to Nairobi, Kenya’s capital and the largest city in East Africa. The line has a pivotal role in East Africa’s railway network and has paved the way for standard-gauge rail links in the area. The line is part of a long-term plan to connect a vast network of rails from Kenya, through Uganda and Burundi, and up to South Sudan. This railway artery in East Africa will provide convenient transportation and promote regional collaboration, integration, economic growth, and social development.
The high speeds and short departure intervals of modern railway require secure, stable, and reliable train operations. Huawei’s Digital Railway Solution provides the Mombasa-Nairobi Railway with a full suite of core systems such as a highly-reliable, industry-leading railway operational communications system, a large-bandwidth unified transmission system which adopts soft and hard pipes to protect train control and other mission-critical services, a modular and highly efficient power supply system, and an environment monitoring system which enables great scalability and intelligent management. The core systems ensure safe train operations.
Huawei’s next-generation GSM-R solution has been deployed to build the train-to-ground communications network. With end-to-end redundancy backup and 99.999% availability, the network guarantees stable transmission of train control signals. Based on mature hardware platforms, the next-generation BTS3900 GSM-R base stations support smooth migration to LTE-R. The transmission network uses Huawei’s cutting-edge Hybrid MSTP transmission devices that support SDH/IP dual planes. The SDH hard pipes and IP soft pipes comprehensively bear multiple services without compromising the reliability of mission-critical service transmission. In addition, Huawei’s premium communication power supply and Uninterruptible Power System (UPS) products are installed to meet diversified customer requirements on backup power, ensuring high-quality power supplies for communications systems, data centers, security systems, and other critical loads.
The safe and efficient operations of the Mombasa-Nairobi Railway will provide significant support for Kenya’s passenger and freight transportation, and thus the economic growth. At the same time, the Railway will bring East African economies closer to each other.
To date, Huawei’s Digital Railway Solution has been deployed to serve more than 100,000 kilometers of railway worldwide. Major digital railway projects include those in Germany and South Africa, as well as high-speed rail lines in China and Spain. With innovative solutions and global delivery capabilities, Huawei is committed to building a better connected railway along with partners and customers in the rail sector across the globe.
Huawei announces that working with Vodafone it has successfully tested 5G mobile connectivity using high and low frequency bands. The companies have demonstrated 1.5 kilometers cell coverage in the lower C-Band and 5Gbps peak throughput for a single user in the high band. It is the world’s first 5G large scale mobility field test of macro coverage in dense urban city scenarios.
The support of mobility capability plays a key role in the adoption of 5G applications such as augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR). It is believed that these applications could require more than 100Mbps average data rates and gigabit speeds for multiusers in hotspot areas. The performance achieved in this realistic environment study is an important reference for next generation mobile network (NGMN) and European trial initiatives to develop and verify solutions for a future 5G commercial launch plan.
Yang Chaobin, President of Huawei 5G Product Line, said: “Huawei and Vodafone are strategic partners and we are now expanding our collaboration. As a leading operator in Europe and many other regions of the world, Vodafone has played a leading role in driving innovation. I am confident that the breakthrough we achieved today is just the beginning, and we expect more exciting results in the future.”
Luke Ibbetson, Head of Vodafone Group Research and Development, said, “The results of these tests are an important development and help further our understanding of how 5G mobile connectivity performs in high and low frequency bands. We look forward to continuing our collaboration with Huawei to test and evaluate emerging 5G technologies.”
In the joint research of 5G New Radio (NR) candidate technologies, it is demonstrated that Filtered-OFDM, Sparse Coding Multiple Access (SCMA) and Polar Code works stably with the massive Multi-User MIMO (MU-MIMO) technology, and the spectrum efficiency is improved approximately three times when compared with LTE. According to the field test, the peak cell throughput of 18Gbps under 200MHz bandwidth in the Sub6GHz band, and air interface latency of 0.5ms in the 5G New Radio user plane were achieved.
5G will be the next generation of mobile technology set to be available by 2020. Huawei and Vodafone signed a 5G strategic memorandum of understanding (MoU) in 2015 and a 5G Technologies Acceleration MoU in 2016.
Enabling Service Innovation in Cloud Era
Huawei launched the first full-scenario Agile Controller 3.0 (AC 3.0) in the industry at HUAWEI CONNECT 2016.
The AC 3.0 focuses on four business scenarios (enterprise campus, data center network, WAN, and IoT) and provides capabilities such as on-demand network resource pool reservation,, automatic deployment, intelligent optimization and bandwidth adjustment on-demand for enterprise customers across campuses, carriers and data center networks. This can improve the resource scheduling efficiency of enterprise cloud services, improving the network efficiency for carrier customers and providing the best customer experience possible.
Huawei advocates an ‘All Cloud’ strategy and provides cloud-based products and solutions to help customers achieve digital transformation in their operations.
“We believe that the core of network cloudification is to construct a network using software-defined networking (SDN) and network functions virtualization (NFV), helping carriers upgrade the ROADS experience of telecommunication services on hard pipes and providing new services such as the public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud, and cloud private line,” said Liu Shaowei, President of Huawei Enterprise Networking Product Line.
The SDN solution based on the AC 3.0 assists carriers in establishing e-commercial network operation platforms to achieve top speed service provisioning and on-demand value-added service customization, building agile and open networks on demand, accelerating digital transformation and adding pipe values.
The SDN solution helps enterprises complete their digital transformation by focusing on agility, intelligence and changing networks from a support system to a production system, which improves enterprise operation efficiency and reduces labor costs.
“We believe the Agile Controller 3.0 will make networks more agile, and will mean that we can collaborate with partners to help customers achieve business success and win-win outcomes for all,” said Huang He, General Manager of Huawei SDN Controller Domains.
The AC 3.0 is the ‘Super Brain’ of networks and enables service innovation in the cloud era. It supports unified control and flexible deployment in multiple business scenarios and meets the requirements of various service deployments and Operations and Maintenance (O&M), meeting the requirements of industry-leading data centers and the commercial deployment of super-large networks.
Based on the open ONOS platform, the AC 3.0 uses an application which has loosely coupled architecture and can be integrated with ODL and provides abundant northbound API capabilities.
Huawei SDN 2.0 provides for comprehensive developer communities, remote labs and innovation tools. At HUAWEI CONNECT 2016, Huawei launched nine open network capabilities and 72 API interfaces, implementing one-time integration for applications and partners and realizing rapid innovation.
Huawei has participated in more than 200 commercial projects in SDN domains with carriers and enterprises. This included projects with Telefonica Spain, China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Telia, Tencent, Alibaba, China Construction Bank, China Southern Power Grid Company Limited and Vision China Media.
The full-scenario AC 3.0 can meet the requirements of both service and business diversity as well as multi-path technologies, maximizing network efficiency, monetizing pipe values, and promoting digital and intelligent society service innovation.
HUAWEI CONNECT 2016 is held from August 31-September 2 in Shanghai at the Shanghai Expo Centre, Mercedes-Benz Arena, and Shanghai World Expo Exhibition and Convention Center (SWEECC). It was attended by over 20,000 industry leaders who discussed how to build a Better Connected World, and how to promote digital transformation in industries. For more information, please go to:http://www.huawei.com/minisite/huaweiconnect2016
New 4*4 MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) techniques eight-way transmit and receive (8T8R), together with multi-user beam-forming are being tested in Manchester. These will support the expected rapid growth in video and virtual reality applications with the arrival of next generation smartphones.
Unlike traditional methods of transmitting mobile signals between base stations and mobiles, beam forming and four-way receiver diversity significantly improve performance in heavily built up areas, by combining the signals from multiple angles and co-located antennas in order to reduce interference and improve throughput. The trial involves 4×4 versions of MIMO in order to deliver mobile data services at much greater speeds and with improved accuracy. The 8T8R beamforming concentrates the user-specific energy and multiplexes the resource between different users, thus increasing the average as well as the edge performance.
By combining MIMO with beam-forming, Vodafone is better able to focus customers’ mobile signals in specific directions to ensure the best user experience and minimise interference during peak times in highly populated areas. As a result, more signal reaches more subscribers particularly at the edge of the base station coverage, in order to provide higher average speeds across the network.
Vodafone UK’s Chief Technology Officer, Jorge Fernandes, said: “We are working hard with our radio network equipment partners to ensure our network is future-proofed for the expected arrival of 5G in four to five years’ time, whilst continually improving our 4G performance for customers throughout the UK.”
Huawei LTE TDD President, Veni Shone, said: “This joint innovation with Vodafone has proved that 4.5G (TDD+) is a good solution to release the potential of TDD spectrum and will help Vodafone build the most advanced LTE network available. We are very proud of this collaboration, and are dedicated to providing optimal solutions to customers. The newly deployed LTE TDD network immediately serves the LTE TDD capable commercial smartphones and successfully carries significant live network traffic. This trial proves that LTE TDD with the most recent technologies can be naturally converged with LTE FDD and improve the overall experience enjoyed by all users on the network.”
5G: Huawei and Vodafone achieve 20Gbps for single-user outdoor at E-Band
The demand for spectrum to provide higher-capacity mobile access and self-backhaul has been rising drastically due to soaring mobile broadband communications traffic. The situation is even more critical when operators are faced with the challenge to deliver ultra-high throughout in emerging 5G network. As traditional lower bands used in current cellular access becomes ever more crowded, there is an increasing effort in the industry to explore the centimeter wave (cmWave) and millimeter wave (mmWave) bands to meet broadband speed requirements. This test will contribute to the study of spectrum above 6GHz for 5G enhanced mobile broadband, and to promote global spectrum harmonization in the coming World Radio Congress in 2019 (WRC-19)
E-Band is millimeter wave (mmWave) band and can be used as a complementary spectrum band to the lower-band to deliver ultra-high mobile broadband user experience. Especially it can enable new applications such as VR/AR and act as self-backhaul for the 5G mobile service traffic.
Johan Wibergh, Chief Technology Officer, Vodafone Group, said: “This field test in an outdoor environment is a significant step in validating the performance of 5G in high frequency bands, improving our understanding of the capabilities of the technology.”
Eric Xu, Rotating CEO of Huawei, said: “5G will introduce full spectrum access to support AR, VR, Smart Automobile and other unknown new services. The joint trial of 5G mmWave connectivity in a real world radio propagation environment and co-existence of different radio links is encouraging. I highly value the cooperation with Vodafone, and believe we will achieve more progress in 5G, together with Vodafone and other industry partners.”
Two security experts from Huawei Shield Lab (Huawei’s Central Research Institute) shared their research vision on IoT security at the 11th ASIACCS (ACM Asia Conference on Computer and Communications Security) conference, which was recently held in Xi’an, China. In order to overcome coarse-grained access control and long lead times for identifying malicious behavior, their invited talk focused on studying security mechanisms which enhance the security of smart homes and connected cars.
Many ICT enterprises have released their own IoT products and platforms to grab a share of the booming IoT market and to foster the creation of their own IoT ecosystems. However, the security and privacy challenges posed by the rise of the IoT and the now wide proliferation of smart devices have to be addressed carefully and innovatively before IoT services are widely accepted. This is because conventional IT security defensive technologies have been shown to be incapable of resisting novel attacks against constrained IoT devices which have been massively deployed.
Motivated by this observation, the Huawei security experts highlighted new security mechanisms which can adaptively learn from existing attacking mode databases, then identify and prevent new security and privacy threats.
As a result, a variety of IoT scenarios can be protected effectively, as Dr. Tieyan Li explains: “Connected car security architecture focuses on the security of on-board equipment, automotive systems and internal/external networks, which can be met only via systematically integrating separation, control and obfuscation mechanisms. Once these security solutions feature a self-learning capability, newly emergent malicious behavior or attacks can be identified quickly.”
Dr. Guilin Wang, another Huawei security researcher, pointed out: “To design smart home security architecture resistant to emerging threats like functionality extension attacks, IoT applications, devices and networks need to be protected with new end-to-end security mechanisms with fine-grained access control policies. For this purpose, lightweight identity-based cryptography, password-based authenticated key exchange, and blockchain are likely to be the key security mechanisms that can be applied to realize fine-grained access control, authorization and trust establishment between users and devices in IoT scenarios.”
As a result of discussions between security professors and professionals attending the conference, it is now believed that greater efforts are needed from academia, industry and governments to study and specify international IoT security standards which are more secure and easier to implement. Huawei, one of the global leading providers of IoT devices and network solutions, is dedicated to this mission and is always open to collaboration with all parties interested in this subject area.
ASIACCS is a well-known global security conference, which was established by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) 10 years ago. ASIACCS 2016 covered various topics including network security, system security, IoT security, cloud security, and applied cryptography.
GSMA Innovation City
Experience the future of Mobile technology with GSMA’s Innovation City, Mobile World Congress Shanghai 2016. Enter a real life city setting, and see first-hand how mobile-connected products and services are improving the lives of people at home, in leisure and work.
Do you want to make a real difference to your business, and to society as a whole? If so, visit the GSMA Pavilion to find out how our members are working together on exciting new products, innovation and industry defining initiatives that are changing the mobile landscape.
The GSMA and partners such as Huawei, Akyumen, Intel and DTS will immerse you in the possibilities for businesses and consumers with the power of mobile connectivity. Innovation City brings to life everyday experiences, showcasing the forefront of mobile innovation.
Join Korea Telecom to explore the connected home of the future, experiencing how mobile technology enhances your everyday life. Walk into a store of the future with NAES and MyFc, and see for yourself how car and automotive are changing with Mobile technology. A visit to Innovation City also includes the chance to get hands on with the latest in IoT in the Innovation Park, including a GSMA led virtual reality experience.
Don’t miss your chance to be part of Innovation City at the Mobile World Congress Shanghai 29th-1 July, Hall N3.