Finnish Internet of Things (IoT) device manufacturer Haltian supplies Lindström with over 100,000 IoT devices and a managed IoT data layer service. The multi-million euro deal for one of the largest public IoT installations in Europe to date, was made in late 2017. Smart technology will be rapidly implemented in all of Lindström’s towel dispensers.
It’s a challenge for businesses to keep up with the pace of today’s ever changing digital world. However, companies that make digitalization a priority and harness the latest technological advancements to operate, engage with customers and grow their businesses have a distinct advantage. As almost everything can be connected, the value that IoT solutions brings is the key consideration. These solutions become increasingly feasible as cost-efficient sensors become more available and examples of profitable IoT cases continue to emerge.
“IoT continues its rapid growth and it is expected to more than double in the next three years. Industrial asset management, inventory and warehouse management and supply chain management are the fastest growing IoT areas,” says Pasi Leipälä, CEO, Haltian.
Lindström, one of Europe’s leading textile service companies, paves the way for future IoT solutions
Together with Haltian Thingsee and Wirepas Mesh, Lindström has created a new service offering called Flowability Smart Washroom Service. The solution offers two-way communication and location information and provides reliable wireless connectivity for Lindström Group customers across their facilities. With this smart solution, Lindström increases efficiency by cutting waste and channeling work in a smarter way, thereby decreasing costs.
The Flowability Smart Washroom Service will be installed in shopping centers, hospitals and other public spaces to mention a few. A sensor retrofitted to the towel dispenser measures towel usage in real time. The sensor sends notifications to a site maintenance team when it is necessary to change towel rolls, which helps in planning work more efficiently and in decreasing costs.
“Washroom cleanliness affects the choice of shopping venue and even increases the value of purchases. With Haltian’s solution we save both money and time and keep our customers happy. All of these make it possible to improve the customer experience,” says Satu Haikarainen, Director, Service Concept, at Lindström.
Haltian Thingsee shortens the journey from solution kick-off to commercial operations
The solution developed by Haltian and Lindström is based on Haltian’s new Thingsee IoT Devices platform. The platform allows new IoT solutions to reach commercial maturity faster and easier by offering customizable IoT devices with managed data layer services. The platform is completed with plug & play IoT devices, solutions customization services and lifecycle services – providing customers a smooth journey from ideas to commercial operations.
“Retrofitting wireless sensors to existing company assets and processes is a fast-growing business. We have now more than 25 active pilots running globally in industries varying from manufacturing to asset tracking and facility management. Our growing device and service portfolio provides a good starting point for building new IoT solutions. We can easily customize the whole platform, starting from simple device application development to a fully customized new sensor device,” comments Leipälä.
The fish farming industry in Iran has rapidly grown within recent years, doubling employment rates and multiplying its production. This activity began with the enhancement of the quality of fish species selected from the Caspian Sea and then continued through the development of intensive aquaculture utilizing different foreign species. Investing in the development of earth ponds, reservoirs and sea cages has become crucial for the local government, which supports the private sector by providing low rate interest loans and suitable land at competitive prices.
Location of Iran
The Iranian Caspian Coast is one of the main pisciculture producing areas in the country and its territory is full of breeding pools. These ponds are filled on average once a year and then emptied at the end of the breeding season. This makes water quality control extremely important for the productivity and correct functioning of the fish farms.
Afarinesh Samaneh Mehr Engineering Co. (ASM), Libelium official distributor in Iran, is active in a variety of fields including smart city, smart environment, smart agriculture, smart husbandry, safety, and security, among others. The company has developed a Smart Water sensor networkto measure the water quality parameters of the fish farms in the North of the country.
Smart Water Sensor Network installed at fish farm in Iran
Water pollution is the first cause of financial losses in the market. The main objective of this project was to control water quality parameters in order to increase quality and productivity as well as to reduce costs and increase profits. Having information about water quality parameters in fish breeding ponds offers the fish farmers the possibility to manage their installations in an improved and more effective way, accelerating their inner processes.
Experts list a large number of parameters that must be taken into account in order to favor aquaculture productivity. The pH and dissolved oxygen levels are some to consider. Additionally, other chemistry limits are also recommended to protect the health of fish, such as ammonium and nitrite, the main indicators of toxicity created by the feces of fish.
ASM Engineering Team during the installation of the Smart Water monitoring system
In this project, the company ASM installed four Waspmote Plug & Sense! Nodes to measure water quality parameters:
Each pair of nodes were mounted in a buoy and located in different locations inside the breeding pond in order to cover the biggest possible area in the pool.Taking into consideration the nature of the project with all nodes installed inside the fish farm ponds, the ASM engineering team decided to use solar power in order to ensure a continuous energy supply.
Waspmote Plug & Sense! Smart Water and Smart Water Ions mounted on a floating system
In this project, the values to control were:
Communications diagram of ASM Smart Water project
Communication protocol between the devices and the gateway was LoRaWANand between the gateway and the cloud platform, cellular 3G. ASM used Loriot network server for handling LoRaWAN connectivity, being the platform used for visualization Thing+, which allows real-time control of parameters and also obtains diagrams and tables showing sensor values.
ASM Dashboard developed in Thing+ Cloud Platform
Reduce casualties and increase productivity
The return on investment (ROI) of this project includes:
Reduction of production costs
Reduction of casualties
Increase in productivity
The highest mortality rates in aquaculture are due to the quality of water, and monitoring the water conditions can reduce by 30% to 40% of the casualties. This is also essential to meet international regulations to assure fish quality and farming conditions.
Dissolved Oxygen graphic obtained from ASM Dashboard
Thanks to this system, fish farm facilities can demonstrate that implementing their monitoring methods and automating their activities will put them in a much better market positioning than others that are still working in a traditional way.
ASM highlights that Libelium’s sensor platform offers the following key factors:
Low power, versatile and semi-autonomous devices.
Wide range of sensors and measurement probes.
Ability to support standard radio and (secure) communication protocols.
Ease of integration with cloud based solutions.
Reliability and durability of the IoT platforms and sensors.
Accessibility to embedded software platform (open source or otherwise).
Affordability of the nodes.
Simple and easy installation and deployment of the nodes on site.
The ASM Engineering Team was completely satisfied after the installation of the system. “We succeeded in completing this project with Libelium products and we are fully satisfied with this equipment”, comments Ali Bordbar, Marketing & Business Development Manager at Afarinesh Samaneh Mehr Engineering Co.
Five-year contract covers the provision of Nokia worldwide IoT network grid (WING) Enables Tele2 IoT to offer innovative and global IoT connectivity services to large enterprises A joint innovation and collaboration program to accelerate IoT adoption
Nokia and Tele2 IoT have signed a five-year agreement to enable the delivery of IoT services to Tele2 enterprise customers based on Nokia’s worldwide IoT network grid (WING).
Nokia WING will allow Tele2 IoT to rapidly and cost-effectively provide complete IoT services to its enterprise customers in fields including transport, healthcare, smart city and utilities to manage their connectivity needs and assets, such as connected cars or connected freight containers, around the globe. Access to a worldwide IoT network enables Tele2 IoT’s enterprise customers to benefit from low latency, regulatory compliance, advanced enterprise onboarding and 24×7 troubleshooting offered as a managed service.
Nokia WING is a ‘one-stop-shop’ IoT managed service that includes a pre-integrated global IoT core network, connectivity management as well as dedicated IoT operations, billing, security and data analytics, along with an application ecosystem.
The offering is completed with innovative solutions based on Tele2 IoT technology. The combination of these cutting edge technologies from Tele2 IoT and Nokia WING enables a new paradigm for global IoT connectivity services.
The scope of the agreement also includes the collaboration and partnership on various advanced technologies such as 5G, Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT), LTE for machine-to-machine (LTE-M), SIM management and analytics to further accelerate the global IoT ecosystem.
Rami Avidan, CEO of Tele2 IoT, said: “Nokia WING is a unique concept for worldwide IoT enablement which will allow us to serve our enterprise customers better and differentiate our offering on a global scale. We are excited about the prospect of helping our customers to easily deploy IoT services, driving new revenue growth opportunities.”
Ankur Bhan, head of WING at Nokia, said: “Nokia WING will enable Tele2 IoT to offer its enterprise customers a global service with flexible control, low latency and high levels of efficiency and enterprise automation. Together we will work on enabling new IoT solutions that can be adopted in various industries to deliver seamless, reliable and efficient processes to help businesses run more intelligently.”
Nokia WING has been nominated for a Global Mobile Award for the 2018 Mobile World Congress in the ‘Best Mobile Network Infrastructure’. In 2017, it was recognized as the winner in IoT leadership at the TechXLR8 Awards and also won the Global Telecoms’ highly commended’ award in the category ‘IoT initiative of the year’.
Co-Star the Harrogate based global supplier to the ICT industry have added 4G SIM cards for M2M and IoT applications to enhance their range of wireless connectivity products and enable application developers and systems integators to purchase all the hardware and software necessary to initiate and conclude 4G LTE cloud based networking deployments from one source.
SIM cards from all the major mobile network operators including: Vodafone, 02, Three and EE are available from Co-Star to offer flexibility and provide the best network coverage.
Tim Cosgrove partner at Co-Star commented;
” We allready have a strong position in the market supplying 4G wireless routers, antennas and RF cable assemblies and we wanted to provide our customers with the opportunity to purchase all the equipment for 4G networking deployments from one single source”
Co-Star have over 30 years experience working in the Mobile Communications sector and have worked on all types of M2M and IoT projects over the years including:
The Roads and Transport Authority in Dubai are beginning the initial tests on autonomous pods with the aim to modernise their transportation system, offering innovative mobility solutions which reduces congestion in the city…
The Roads and Transport Authority (RTA), as part of the Dubai Future Accelerators initiative, has begun testing the world’s first autonomous pods.
Each pod measures 2.87m in length, 2.24m in width and 2.82m in height. With a weight of approximately 1500kg, each pod has an average speed of 20km/h and a capacity of 10 riders: six seated, four standing. The autonomous pod is fuelled by a battery that can supply three hours of operation and is chargeable in six hours.
HE Mattar Al Tayer, Director-General and Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors of the Roads and Transport Authority (RTA), said: “The RTA has signed an agreement with the American Next Future Inc. to develop autonomous units named NX1 as part of the initial phase of Dubai Future Accelerators. The prototypes of these units are manufactured in Italy and shipped to Dubai for trials. These pods run on a virtual pre-configured and programmed lane and are overseen by the operational system.”
The autonomous pods are designed to travel short and medium distances in dedicated lanes. Depending on the destination of the riders, they can be coupled in 15 to 20 seconds or detached in five. Fitted with cameras and electromechanical technologies enabling the pods to couple and detach, the feature can be activated in-motion.
“The pilot test of driverless units is directed in the context of transforming Dubai into the smartest city worldwide,” continued Tayer. “It is also part of RTA endeavours to provide autonomous transport through technological tests under Dubai’s climatic conditions. It echoes the Dubai Autonomous Transport Strategy aimed at converting 25 per cent of mobility journeys in Dubai to autonomous transportation by 2030.
“The RTA is keen on ensuring the principle of safety in all services delivered to clients. The autonomous pods have three protection systems in order to ensure full control and avoid crashing. The main system comprises of 3D cameras, the second is a standby system based on ordinary cameras with the last being operated manually by the operator.”
A fourth London bus route has turned all-electric, thanks to a partnership between BYD and ADL, Go Ahead London and Transport for London.
11 of the 10.8 metre BYD ADL Enviro200EV single decker began servicing route 153 at 5 am on Saturday 3rd February, based out of the Northumberland Park Garage in Tottenham and travelling between Finsbury Park and Moorgate in the City of London. BYD also supplied the depot with its self-designed and manufactured charging points.
The Enviro200EV buses have already provided safe and efficient service on three other routes operated by Go Ahead London, with other routes and operators to receive fleets of BYD ADL electric buses in the future following tender wins by the partnership.
“We are delighted to make another significant step in the electrification of London’s bus routes and to be in the vanguard of the transformation. At Go-Ahead we have developed considerable practical knowledge of electric bus operation, gained over six years, and are well positioned to contribute further to the improvement of the capital’s air quality”, said Richard Harrington, Go-Ahead Group’s Engineering Director.
“The smooth switch on of our electric buses to operate another intensive London route is a testament to the strength of our overall offering – not just the proven and reliable buses themselves but of the back up and support of our partners in planning and installing the necessary equipment to make electric bus operation successful from day one”, said Frank Thorpe, UK Country Manager for BYD UK, speaking on behalf of the ADL BYD partnership.
Continental will be unveiling innovative solutions and services at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona
Holistic connectivity is turning vehicles into smartphones on wheels
Smart integration of mobile devices maximizes driver and user experience
Starting in April 2018, every new car in Europe will have to be equipped with an integrated SIM card enabling vehicles to make an emergency call at any time in difficult situations. By becoming part of the digital ecosystem, cars will effectively turn into mobile devices. The technology company Continental will demonstrate how it is shaping this transformation during its premiere at the Mobile World Congress from February 26 to March 1, 2018.
“Smartphones, tablets and now cars – this year eCall will finally make vehicles part of the connected world, and they will have to blend seamlessly into users’ daily digital routines. At the Mobile World Congress, we will demonstrate that having a seamless online connection and comprehensive cyber security is just as important as ensuring trouble-free integration of mobile devices and intuitive operation,” commented Helmut Matschi, member of the Executive Board at Continental and head of the Interior division, explaining the company’s focus at the Barcelona fair.
A glimpse into the future: predictive connectivity
Continuous and high-quality mobile network coverage is crucial for drivers wanting to expand their digital lifestyles to the domain of driving without any restrictions. But many regions are still plagued by low bandwidths and high latency; broken off phone calls and interrupted music streaming are not uncommon. This is why Continental has developed a predictive connectivity manager, which collects data on the network quality for the road ahead via crowdsourcing. It uses this data to create a map of available mobile networks and their quality for the specific region in the backend, for example in Continental.cloud. Once it has analyzed this data, the solution can predict when the network connection will deteriorate or drop out and optimize data and channel management accordingly.
Based on the results the software can, for instance, notify drivers that their current phone calls will be terminated in a few minutes’ time and tell them when the network quality will be good enough again to continue the call. Alternatively, it can prioritize applications subtly in the background by, for example, distributing less bandwidth to downloading a software update so that the current music stream is not interrupted. Accurate and up-to-date network information will also be decisive in enabling automated vehicles to find their path in the future – another reason why the predictive connectivity manager is set to be an important device. If it detects that the bandwidth along the road ahead is too weak for downloading high-resolution and up-to-date maps, for example, it can “prefetch” the HD map for the relevant section of the route.
The all-rounder smartphone: keyless vehicle access
“Cars themselves are not only becoming mobile devices, but the diverse integration of smartphones is also an important factor in maximizing the user experience. This is why we will be demonstrating our solutions for intelligent vehicle access by means of the virtual smartphone key at the Mobile World Congress,” explained Matschi. These solutions are making car rental more convenient for customers and rental companies alike. In partnership with the Avis Budget Group, Continental’s “Key as a Service” technology from its aftermarket range enables an end-to-end mobile rental experience with keyless vehicle access and engine start authorization. The technology offers scalability for vehicle manufacturers, vehicle models and regions combined with faster time to market without requiring any changes to the vehicle electronics or modifications to the vehicle architecture. It encompasses not just services but also hardware, and can easily be retrofitted.
Continental’s portfolio also includes a solution for car manufacturers, in the form of the Smart Device Integrated Access System. This technology enables hands-free vehicle access and engine start, and is already an integral part of the vehicle architecture. With this, vehicles are already equipped at the factory for all possible “Key as a Service” solutions.
It is also possible to enhance the system with a digital emergency unlocking solution that renders not only the mechanical lock, but also the door handle superfluous. Hence, even if the car battery is flat, drivers can gain access to their vehicle, without having to resort to the mechanical emergency key. Integration of an assistance function creates an intelligent door, which can be used hands-free and digitally because it opens and closes by itself.
The core component of all Continental’s smart access systems is the virtual smartphone key, which consists of a tamper-proof data record. This key gains access only after successful one-time authentication by the backend, which sends it to the smartphone via a wireless interface. Further communication takes place exclusively between the smartphone and the vehicle. For the Smart Device Integrated Access solution, the system uses multiple Bluetooth Low Energy modules in the vehicle to enable the authorized smartphone to be located from both inside and outside. Near Field Communication (NFC) is also possible. As soon as an authorized virtual key is detected, the system issues permission to open the vehicle and start the engine. Therefore, a mechanical key is no longer needed.
Smartphones are also expanding vehicle technology
Another remote display option for vehicle data on the smartphone is the filling assistant function, which displays the current tire pressure even during filling. This tells drivers precisely how much air the tire needs without them having to consult the air pump display. In an app on their mobile devices, users can also activate personalized profiles such as seat position, air-conditioning settings and entertainment preferences in advance before they even enter the car. The smartphone is also becoming a mobile component of the holistic human-machine interface, meaning that drivers can manage various vehicle functions such as opening and closing windows or extending and retracting side mirrors remotely.
To make sure that a flat battery does not stand in the way of diverse smartphone integration, Continental will also bring its Multifunctional Smart Device Terminal to the MWC 2018. The terminal enables wireless charging for all smartphones that meet the “Qi” standard, and initializes the smartphone connection via Bluetooth and NFC with the vehicle’s head unit. Thanks to wireless antenna coupling, the smartphone also receives significantly better signal quality.
To ensure sufficient system security as digitalization advances, Continental’s subsidiary Elektrobit – with its new family member Argus Cyber Security – is delivering multilayer end-to-end automotive cyber security solutions and services. “Vehicle cyber security is a top priority for us, as mobility can only be considered to be intelligent if it is secure,” said Matschi.
At the Mobile World Congress, the companies will highlight their portfolio of end-to-end solutions. These include intrusion detection and prevention, attack surface protection, health monitoring and management to safeguard the cyber security of vehicle fleets as well as wireless software updates.
Remote Vehicle Data: a powerful platform for connected vehicles
Continental’s Remote Vehicle Data (RVD) platform is the basis for innovative, connected services. The platform enables standardized access to manufacturer-specific vehicle data for numerous makes and models. RVD is aimed at vehicle manufacturers, car dealers, rental companies, fleet operators, repair workshops and insurance companies. The platform provides an end-to-end solution along the value chain of connected services and integrates seamlessly into Continental’s modular cloud solutions for connectivity-based services. The solution can be adapted to a wide range of customer applications thanks to its modular and cloud-based architecture.
Visitors can find all trade fair innovations and technology developed by Continental in Hall 6, Booth 6B50 at the MWC 2018. In the outdoor area OA3B.170, the company will also be showcasing two demo vehicles.
Stage Intelligence and BKT will work together in merging bike-sharing schemes with AI technology, demonstrating Mexico’s dedication to becoming more sustainable…
Stage Intelligence, a provider of bike-share scheme management solutions, has been selected by BKT bicipública, a Central American bike-share operator, to deploy its BICO bike-share management platform.
BKT operates the bike-share scheme in Guadalajara and will use the artificial intelligence (AI) based platform to offer citizens an optimised rider experience with the aim to expand their scheme.
This is the first time AI will be used in a bike-share scheme in Mexico and BICO will enable BKT to rapidly and efficiently distribute cycles across the city and ensure that riders have bikes and docks available when and where they need them.
“BKT and Stage Intelligence have a shared vision for simple, efficient and user-centric transportation. Together, we are bringing innovation to Guadalajara’s bike-share scheme and using AI to give riders the best possible bike-share experience,” said Tom Nutley, Head of Operations at Stage Intelligence. “AI makes it simple to provide services that create life-long riders. This is a great opportunity for Guadalajara to innovate in clean and sustainable transportation.”
The Guadalajara bike-share scheme is the second largest in Mexico, serving an estimated population of over 5 million people.
“BICO has allowed us to take better advantage of our resources to improve our service and we are focusing on achieving user satisfaction. BICO is an essential part to provide a better service,” said Noé Santana, Operation Manager at BKT bicipública.
Stage Intelligence’s AI-based BICO platform uses citywide data and the leading AI-technology to provide actionable insights for operators whilst addressing some of the biggest challenges in bike-share.
“The partnership between Stage Intelligence and BKT demonstrates how organisations in the UK and Mexico can collaborate to create greener cities and happier citizens. Thanks to the support of the British Embassy in Mexico, Stage Intelligence and BKT have shown that innovation doesn’t have borders,” said Manuel Mandujano, Trade and Investment Officer at British Embassy Mexico.
WORLDWIDE TOP PARTNERS INTEL AND SAMSUNG, TOGETHER WITH DOMESTIC SPONSOR KT, HAVE PARTNERED TO COMPLETE THE WORLD’S FIRST BROAD-SCALE 5G NETWORK, AVAILABLE AT THE OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES IN PYEONGCHANG. SPECTATORS WILL ENJOY THE OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES MORE VIVIDLY THAN EVER BEFORE, AS 5G IS A GAME-CHANGER FOR VIDEO, ALLOWING VIEWERS TO ENJOY HIGH-RESOLUTION MEDIA STREAMING AT GIGABIT SPEEDS AND LOW LATENCY.
The 5G experience will feature the world’s first broad-scale network from KT, paired with Intel and Samsung’s 5G technology, to provide a series of immersive on-site 5G experiences.
One hundred cameras are placed around the Olympic Ice Arena to capture 360-degree views of the action on the rink. They will capture video in real time and transmit it to nearby edge servers. That information will be sent over KT’s Olympic 5G network to its data centre, where servers using Intel scalable processors will rapidly produce time-sliced views of the athletes in motion. It will then be transmitted over Intel’s 5G Mobile Trial Platform providing gigabit speeds connectivity.
A secondary time-slicing demonstration will be available in the KT “5G.Connected.” Pavilion, which will allow attendees to step onto a virtual version of the Gangneung Ice Arena and show off a few of their ice hockey moves. Multiple cameras will capture their moves in real time from various angles, sent to nearby edge servers and processed by Intel FlexRAN technology.
Multiple 5G-connected cameras have been set up along the cross-country course in Alpensia, capturing the skiers as they travel along their path. On the slopes, omni-view and multi-angle broadcasting technology is placed to provide personalised views of athletes in motion, triggered by GPS sensors.
The “Gwanghwamun KT live site” will be created to provide an Olympic atmosphere for people in Seoul unable to attend the games in PyeongChang, offering a 5G device experience zone including various 5G programmes such as “Bobsleigh Challenge” – a motion sensor game to experience bobsleigh.
In the VIP experience and spectator zones, Samsung 5G-enabled tablets will be available to view streaming HD video of the athletes from virtually any angle, as well as athlete data and statistics.
Those who cannot make it to “5G.Connected.” in Gangeung Olympic Park can easily peek into every corner of the Pavilion through the 5G network at the KT live site in Gwanghwamun, Seoul.
With 5G, people will be able to experience the Olympic Games, and also have experiences that have never existed before – and this is just the beginning.
The UK is set to have around 22 million 5G SIM connections and 2 million 5G SIM machine to machine (M2M) mobile connections by 2022, driving up to £2.8 billion in revenue. This is according to new analysis from Netscribes.
The Global 5G Markets (2020-2025) report forecasts that the worldwide 5G market will grow at an overall compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 97% and will be worth $251 billion (£177.3 billion) by 2025.
Devashish Nabhi of Netscribes told 5G.co.uk: “In the UK, the revenue from 5G services is expected to increase. The UK is expected to have approximately 22 million 5G SIM connections and approximately 2 million 5G SIM M2M mobile connections by 2022. The revenue generated from 5G SIM mobile connections is expected to reach nearly $4 billion (£2.8 billion), while the revenue from SIM M2M mobile connections is expected to reach approximately $0.09 billion (0.06 billion).”
Nabhi added: “Major drivers for the UK region would be the rising demand for a faster mobile broadband experience to support more connected devices.”
However, Nabhi noted that “declining average revenue per user (ARPU) has also been witnessed” in the UK. A 2017 report from Ofcom, based on operator data, found that the average revenue per user (ARPU) in 2015 was £16 per month, a 32% fall compared to 2005. At the same time, the data use per mobile SIM increased year on year by around two-thirds to 0.9 GB (1.3GB in 2016). Adoption of 5G could exacerbate this further. Recent research from Ericsson found that 26% of consumers envisage that 5G will be much faster than 4G and they also anticipate that it will offer better coverage. However, 13% also expect to get all this and see their plan price drop.
As well as “making way for a globally connected digital society”, 5G networks will also bring about “socio-economic transformation”, according to the analysis from Netscribes. The technology could increase productivity, sustainability and well-being, the research finds.
5G is expected to address demand for advanced applications such as 4K/8K video streaming, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, remote healthcare, connected factories and more.
Despite the promised benefits of 5G, adoption will not be immediate and mobile 4G LTE will dominate in terms of volume for at least the next ten years, Netscribes researchers say.
The report highlights that clear business regulations and well-defined standards will be essential to reaping the rewards of 5G. The analysis also outlines key challenges ahead, including inadequate spectrum and lack of infrastructure. These issues are particularly acute for developing countries, Netscribes finds.